An alkaline condition allowed the creation of a zinc acetylacetonate/zinc mixture using raw materials such as zinc nitrate hydrochloride, calcium chloride, and Acetylacetone. It’s used in the manufacture of polyvinylchloride PVC as an additional heat stabilizer. PVC products were tested for thermal stability using Congo red and oven heating. The thermal stability mechanism was also explored. The synergistic effect of PVC products was observed at a 15:1 calcium/zinc ratio. Thermal stability took 70 min and PVC testing piece turned black in 110 minutes. That was significantly faster than single component Acetyl. Acetone calcium. Also, the addition of a mass fraction of 1.2% calcium acetylacetonate/zinc, thermal stability time of up to 81min, PVC test piece to 190 min wholly blackened and better than the commonly used epoxy soybean oil and dipentaerythritol auxiliary class Heat stabilizers.
A polyvinylchloride PVC is a versatile material that has great properties, including low price and corrosion resistance. Also, it’s strong, strong, and flame-retardant. It can be used for building materials, chemicals, packaging and in other industries. PVC is very unstable in terms of thermal stability. PVC products are best processed at 180 °C. Once the temperature gets to 130 °C, PVC begins to degrade and produce toxic hydrogen chloride. PVC products become darker and have lower mechanical and mechanical property. PVC is. Addition of heat stabilisers to products is a crucial measure. Heat stabilisers are mostly lead salts. Organotins. Metal soaps, as well as other heat stabilizers. Heat stabilizers containing lead are high-risk for both humans and the natural environment. As such, they are gradually being phased out. The poor performance organotins and metal soap heat stablers are undesirable because they can be expensive. But, their thermal stability will not be affected.
The b–diketone heat stabiliser is very toxic. It’s widely used in auxiliary stability for metal soaps. Current –diketones calcium or zinc are often synthesized separate, so their effects on the color of PVC products cannot be compared.
PVC auxiliary Heat Stabilizer acetylacetonate/zinc Composite was synthesized at room temperatures based upon the synergistic impact of calcium and acetylacetonate/zinc on PVC’s thermal stability. A variety of characterisation methods were used to identify the product. The metal soap melt stabilizer calciumstearate was also added to PVC to test the effect of the additive on PVC’s thermal stability.
Calcium acetylacetonate/zinc falls under the –diketone sodium-assisted Heat Stabilizer. Its heat stabiliser mechanism is similar to that of –diketone. First, PVC products will constantly remove HCl when heated. Furthermore, a larger number of conjugated dual bonds will darken the PVC product. The heat stabilizer mechanism of the calcium acetylacetonate/zinc is the same as that of -diketone. ZnCl2 catalysis can produce an acetylacetone and ligand simultaneously. They crosslink to PVC chains to create a stable structure.
In oven heat aging tests and Congo-red testing, it was found that the joint effect of calcium acetylacetonate/zinc.molar ratio was 15. The heat stability times were longer than those of one component acetylacetonate. Copper calcium or zinc acetylacetonate. With a PVC Mass fraction of 1.2% calcium and zinc acetylacetonate/zinc, it takes 81 min to heat the sample. This is significantly quicker than using the auxiliary heat stabilizer epoxy soybean oil. Pentaerythritol.
A calcium acetylacetonate/zinc alloy material greatly increases the thermal stability. This is because it absorbs HCl. Acetylacetone ligand then replaces the active allylchloride on PVC by acetylacetone ligand. Acetyl Acetone Calcium also absorbs excess ZnCl2 which reduces its concentration.
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