how many neutrons does bohrium have?
Protons and neutrons are the permanent core particles that make up an atom. They carry the positive electrical charge of the atom, which is called its atomic number (A). The total number of protons in an atom is also known as the element’s mass number (M). Protons are located in the nucleus, which is located at the center of the atom. Counting the number of protons and neutrons in an atom can help us figure out the element’s chemical properties. Atoms with the same number of protons but different masses are called isotopes.
The atomic number and the arrangement of electrons in an atom’s outer valence shell determines an element’s chemical properties. These are represented in the Periodic Table, which lists the elements in order of their atomic numbers from left to right. The periodic table is also helpful in understanding reactivity of the elements. The reactivity of an element is determined by the energy it takes to remove electrons from its atoms. The reactivity of an element increases across the row of the periodic table, with ionization energy reaching a maximum at the noble gases.
Bohrium is a radioactive element that has a very short half-life. It is produced synthetically in very small quantities. It was first claimed to be produced in 1976 by scientists in Dubna, Russia and later confirmed by Peter Armbruster and Gottfried Munzenber at the Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung in Darmstadt (GSI) in 1981. The most stable isotope of bohrium is 270Bh, which has a half-life of one minute and decays into dubnium-266 through alpha decay.