What is titanium carbonide?
Titanium carbonide is a iron-gray, cubic-shaped crystal that has metallic luster. The lattice constant for this simple cubic structure of NaCl-type is 0.4329 nm with an Fm3m-space group. The carbon atoms have the same properties as titanium atoms, while solid covalent bonds link TiC atoms. Tic is similar to metals in that it exhibits high melting point and boiling point as well as hardness. The hardness of Tic surpasses diamond’s.
Uses of titanium carbide
In aerospace, nano-titanium caride is utilized. The melting point is above 3000. This makes it compatible with tungsten and has similar thermal expansion coefficients.
In many industries, titanium carbide is used to make wear-resistant materials and cutting tools. It can also be used for making molds and melting metal crucibles. Optical materials such as transparent titanium carbide ceramics, are also available. Abrasive titanium carbide ceramics are ideal for replacing traditional materials, such as silicon carbide and boron carbide. Its grinding performance is similar to that of synthetic diamonds. It is widely used across the globe, including in Japan, Russia, America and elsewhere. Abrasives and other products made from nano titanium carbide, such as grinding wheels or paste, can greatly improve the efficiency and precision of grinding and smoothen out surfaces.
The nano-titanium carbonide foam ceramic is used as a filter. This ceramic works by agitation or adsorption to remove any inclusions. It is essential that filter materials have a chemical stability. The filters in the metallurgical industries require high melting points. Therefore, most oxide materials can be used as filters. In order to improve the ability to filter molten metal through filtration, it is necessary to increase thermal shock resistance. A nano-titanium carbide ceramic has a higher strength, hardness and electrical conductivity than other oxide foam ceramics.
TiC has high chemical stability and is cubic in shape, light gray in color, insoluble when water is added. However, it is not able to react with either sulfuric or hydrochloric, although it can be dispersed in aqua regia as well as hydrofluoric, nitric, and alkaline solutions.
How does titanium carbide get made?
High-purity carbon dioxide and high-purity carbon black can be used as raw materials. After the mixture has been thoroughly mixed, it is then ground in a carbon tube furnace, or in a vertical tube furnace, at 1900-2300 in hydrogen, to produce huge TiC. Next, titanium carbide powders are pulverized. Mixing sponge titanium with carbon black is another option. This involves combining sponge titanium, or titanium scrap, in a proportion that produces titanium carbide.
Titanium carbide prices
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