sodium hypochlorite density g ml
The most common strength for household bleach (or dry hypochlorite) is 5.25% available chlorine. This strength is also used in some industrial applications, including swimming pool disinfection, and in chemical toilets to control odour.
Sodium hypochlorite is an ionic chemical compound, comprising sodium cation and hypochlorite anion, formulated in its pentahydrate form as a greenish-yellow solid. It is often used as a bleach or cleaning agent because of its high reactivity and oxidative properties.
It is a strong corrosive that may cause skin and eye damage, especially when concentrated. It can also oxidize amino acids and other proteins, which can lead to post-translational modifications that can result in tissue and cell death.
Water treatment: Useful in removing microorganisms and odour from well water. It also helps prevent bacterial growth in a wide variety of other applications, including plumbing, swimming pools, and many medical and dental procedures.
Disinfectants: Sodium hypochlorite is also used in sewage treatment to eliminate odours and reduce the concentration of cyanide in waste sludge. It is also used as a food and dairy equipment sanitiser.
Medications: It is also used as a root canal irrigation solution, to remove bacteria from the teeth and gums. Sodium hypochlorite is also widely used in cosmetics and soaps to prevent bacteria from developing on the surface of the skin.
Safety: Sodium hypochlorite solutions frequently produce small amounts of chlorine gas, which can trigger cough, substernal pain, respiratory distress, shortness of breath and wheezing. Inhaled chlorine can also cause nausea and vomiting, and can lead to pulmonary edema.